As a society, Europe is facing some of its major significant challenges since the end of the WWII. For European countries cultural diversity is a key issue. The question about how to foster social cohesion and to fight against discrimination is in the heart of debates in an increasingly culturally-diversified Europe.
Policymakers throughout Europe feel increasing pressure to adopt more effective approaches but are uncertain how to bring people together to achieve this. It is in this context that the European Commission has called for political leadership to overcome social divisions and to generate acceptance for diversity (New priorities for European cooperation in education and training, Council and EC 2015).
The "Declaration on promoting citizenship and the common values of freedom, tolerance and non-discrimination through education" (2015) of the ministers of education expressed an urgent need to cooperate and coordinate, to exchange experiences, and to ensure that the best ideas and practices can be shared throughout the EU, with the goals of:
- Ensuring inclusive education for all children and young people in order to combat racism and discrimination on any grounds, to promote citizenship, and to teach them to understand and to accept differences of opinion, of conviction, of belief and of lifestyle, while supporting the rule of law, diversity and gender equality.
- Empowering teachers so that they are able to take an active stand against all forms of discrimination and racism, to educate children and young people media literacy and language, to meet the needs of learners from diverse backgrounds, to impart common fundamental values, and to prevent and combat racism and intolerance.